What is Augmented Reality?

Augmented Reality

Augmented Reality (AR) is a technology that superimposes virtual objects and information on the real world, creating an interactive and immersive experience for users. AR can experienced through a variety of devices, including smartphones, tablets, smart glasses, and headsets. In this article, we will explore the definition, history, applications, and future of AR.

Definition of Augmented Reality

Augmented Reality is a technology that merges the virtual world with the real world, improving the user’s perception of reality. AR uses computer generated graphics, sounds and other sensory data to create an immersive and interactive experience for users. AR works by recognizing a real-world object or marker and overlaying digital content on top of it, creating a composite image that users can view through their device.

Augmented Realitycan distinguished from virtual reality (VR) because VR creates a completely artificial environment that is separate from the real world. AR, on the other hand, enhances the user’s perception of the real world by adding virtual objects and information.

History of Augmented Reality

AR’s history dates back to the 1960s, when Ivan Sutherland developed the first Head-Mounted Display (HMD) system, which he called the “Sword of Damocles.” The system used a computer generated 3D screen to create a virtual environment with which the user could interact. However, the technology was too expensive and bulky to be practical for widespread use.

In the 1990s, the first AR applications were developed, including the Virtual Fixtures system, which allowed workers to visualize 3D designs in real-world environments. In the early 2000s, AR gained popularity with the development of smartphones, which provided a platform for consumers to develop and use AR applications.

Augmented Realityrecent years, augmented reality has become more advanced and accessible thanks to improvements in computer vision, graphics processing, and other technologies. AR is now being used in a variety of industries, including gaming, education, healthcare, retail, and manufacturing.

Augmented Reality Applications

AR has many potential applications in various fields, including:


AR games allow players to interact with virtual objects and characters in the real world. A popular example is Pokemon Go, which became a global phenomenon in 2016. The game uses AR to overlay Pokemon characters onto real-world environments, allowing players to catch them using their smartphones.


AR can enhance the learning experience by providing interactive and immersive content. For example, AR can used to create virtual models of historical sites or scientific phenomena, allowing students to explore and interact with them in 3D.

Health care

AR can used in healthcare to visualize and simulate medical procedures and conditions. For example, AR can used to create virtual models of organs or to guide surgeons through complex procedures.


AR can enhance the shopping experience by allowing customers to try on virtual clothing or see what furniture or decor would look like in their homes. AR can also used to provide additional information about products, such as ingredients or reviews.


AR can used in manufacturing to provide real-time feedback to workers and to simulate and test product designs. For example, AR can used to provide instructions to assembly line workers or to visualize and test a new product design.

Future of Augmented Reality

AR has enormous potential for future development and innovation. Some of the areas where AR expected to have a significant impact include:


Wearable AR devices such as smart glasses expected to become more advanced and affordable, allowing users to experience AR hands-free and immersively.

social media

AR is expected to integrated into social media platforms, allowing users to share and interact with AR content in real time.


AR is expected to have a significant impact on advertising, allowing brands to create more engaging and interactive campaigns. AR can used to create virtual tests, product demos, and interactive ads that allow users to interact with a brand in a more immersive way.

remote collaboration

AR can used to improve collaboration. Re-accessible, we can expect it to  used in more industries and applications, and to become an increasingly integral part of our daily lives.

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